Shan (Chinese: 山meaning: mountain) shui (Chinese: 水meaning: water) refers to a style of Chinese painting that involves or depicts scenery or natural landscape. It is made by brushes and ink. Mountain and water are two predominant elements in the painting. The art of shan shui, like many other styles of Chinese painting has a strong reference to Taoism. Different from the logical western painting which is based on the scientific perspective, traditional Chinese painting uses the dispersed perspective (like aerial perspective). One of the important tricks of shan shui is leaving large area empty to arose imagination.